5. Read the excerpt from Dwight D. Eisenhower’s “The Chance for Peace” speech:The Soviet government held a vastly different vision of the future. In the world of its design, security was to be found, not in mutual trust and mutual aid but in force: huge armies, subversion, rule of neighbor nations. The goal was power superiority at all cost. Security was to be sought by denying it to all others.Which synonym for the underlined word is most useful in clarifying the meaning of the excerpt? 1.submarine warfare2.sabotage3.harm4.political power———————————————————————————————————–6. Which quote is textual evidence that Reagan believes the communist model for government will fail? 1.“In a word, I would submit that what keeps you in Berlin is love—love both profound and abiding.”2.“Yes, across Europe, this wall will fall. For it cannot withstand faith; it cannot withstand truth. The wall cannot withstand freedom.”3.“Today the city thrives in spite of the challenges implicit in the very presence of this wall.”4.“And what better way to demonstrate to the world the openness of this city than to offer in some future year to hold the Olympic games here in Berlin, East and West?”——————————————————————————–7. Review the example of fallacious reasoning from Eisenhower’s “The Chance for Peace” speech:If we strive but fail and the world remains armed against itself, it at least would need be divided no longer in its clear knowledge of who has condemned humankind to this fate.Which non sequitur is used in this excerpt? 1.While offering the premises for his argument, the speaker affirms that his conclusion is correct.2.If the U.S. tries but ultimately fails to resolve the issues between itself and the Soviets, it does not necessarily mean that the continued war is the fault of the Soviets.3.The speaker presumes that others will feel the same as he does even though there is not adequate support to suggest this.4.The speaker launches an attack against the Soviets and then uses this attack as a premise for discrediting their claims.—————————————————————————————8. Read the scenario: Sandy believes that violent video games prompt aggression in teens and young adults. What is the best thesis statement for Sandy’s viewpoint? 1.Because children mimic the behaviors that they are exposed to, young adults and teens should have limited access to violent video games.2.The link between violent video games and aggressive behavior is strong enough to suggest that most teen and young adults who commit aggressive acts play violent video games.3.Youth violence provoked by violent video games will continue because parents are not involved in their children’s lives.4.Violent video games teach impressionable young people ideas that undermine the fabric of a free society: that power is about domination and that human life has no value.