According to the American Heart Association (2009), the dire

According to the American Heart Association (2009), the direct and indirect costs of cardiovascular diseases and stroke for 2009 are estimated to be $475.3 billion. This does not include the cost of suffering or lives lost.Prevention data is elusive, as it includes healthy lifestyles (primary prevention), blood pressure screening and other screenings, CPR training, medication, coronary bypass surgery, cardiac rehabilitations, and other tertiary prevention, which is typically covered in the cost of disease management.