1-19 (Objective 1-1) James Burrow is the loan officer for the National Bank of Dallas.
National has a loan of $325,000 outstanding to Regional Delivery Service, a company
specializing in delivering products of all types on behalf of smaller companies. National’s
collateral on the loan consists of 25 small delivery trucks with an average original cost of
Burrow is concerned about the collectibility of the outstanding loan and whether the
trucks still exist. He therefore engages Samantha Altman, CPA, to count the trucks, using
registration information held by Burrow. She was engaged because she spends most of
her time auditing used automobile and truck dealerships and has extensive specialized
knowledge about used trucks. Burrow requests that Altman issue a report stating the
1. Which of the 25 trucks is parked in Regional’s parking lot on the night of June 30,
2. Whether all of the trucks are owned by Regional Delivery Service.
3. The condition of each truck, using the guidelines of poor, good, and excellent.
4. The fair market value of each truck, using the current “blue book” for trucks, which
states the approximate wholesale prices of all used truck models, and also using the
poor, good, and excellent condition guidelines.
a . For each of the following parts of the definition of auditing, state which part of the
preceding narrative fits the definition:
(2) Established criteria
(3) Accumulating and evaluating evidence
(4) Competent, independent person
(5) Reporting results
b . Identify the greatest difficulties Altman is likely to have doing this audit.
1-22 (Objectives 1-3, 1-5) Dave Czarnecki is the managing partner of Czarnecki and
Hogan, a medium-sized local CPA firm located outside of Chicago. Over lunch, he is
surprised when his friend James Foley asks him, “Doesn’t it bother you that your clients
don’t look forward to seeing their auditors each year?” Dave responded, “Well, auditing
is only one of several services we provide. Most of our work for clients does not involve
financial statement audits, and our audit clients seem to like interacting with us.”
a . Identify ways in which a financial statement audit adds value for clients.
b . List other services other than audits that Czarnecki and Hogan likely provides.
c . Assume Czarnecki and Hogan has hired you as a consultant to identify ways in
which they can expand their practice. Identify at least one additional service that you
believe the firm should provide and explain why you believe this represents a growth
opportunity for CPA firms.
2-18 (Objective 2-6) Sarah O’Hann enjoyed taking her first auditing course as part of her
undergraduate accounting program. While at home during her semester break, she and
her father discussed the class and it was clear that he didn’t really understand the nature
of the audit process as he asked the following questions:
a. What is the main objective of the audit of an entity’s financial statements?
b. The audit represents the CPA firm’s guarantee about the accuracy of the financial
c. Isn’t the auditor’s primary responsibility to detect all kinds of fraud at the client?
d. Given the CPA firm is auditing financial statements, why would they need to
understand anything about the client’s business?
e. What does the auditor do in an audit other than verify the mathematical accuracy of
the numbers in the financial statements?If you were Sarah, how would you respond to each question?
2-20 (Objectives 2-5, 2-6) You have been asked to make a presentation in your International
Business class about how globalization is impacting the auditing profession. In
preparation, you met with your auditing professor and discussed these questions:
a . What organizations are responsible for establishing U.S. auditing standards used by
CPA firms when auditing financial statements prepared by organizations based in
b . What organization is responsible for establishing auditing standards internationally?
c . To what extent are AICPA auditing standards and international auditing standards similar?
d . What is the process the AICPA Auditing Standards Board (ASB) uses to develop
AICPA auditing standards?
e . To what extent are PCAOB auditing standards impacted by international standards?
Briefly outline key points that you would make in your presentation to address these questions.
2-22 (Objective 2-5) For each engagement described below, indicate whether the engagement
is likely to be conducted under international auditing standards, U.S. generally
accepted auditing standards, or PCAOB auditing standards.
a . An audit of a U.S. private company with no public equity or debt.
b . An audit of a German private company with public debt in Germany.
c . An audit of a U.S. public company.
d . An audit of a United Kingdom public company that is listed in the United States and
whose financial statements will be filed with the SEC.
e . An audit of a U.S. not-for-profit organization.
f . An audit of a U.S. private company to be used for a loan from a publicly traded bank.
g . An audit of a U.S. public company that is a subsidiary of a Japanese company that
will be used for reporting by the parent company in Japan.
h . An audit of a U.S. private company that has publicly traded debt
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