research in psychology exam 5

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

In low-constraint studies:

 

 

[removed] 

A. analysis is only possible if we use complex statistical software.

 

[removed] 

B. coding of data is generally necessary before analysis.

 

[removed] 

C. direct analysis can always be undertaken.

 

[removed] 

D. there is often no data to analyze.

 

Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

A survey is most useful in gathering data on the:

 

 

[removed] 

A. knowledge base of participants.

 

[removed] 

B. attitudes of participants.

 

[removed] 

C. causes of participants’ behavior.

 

[removed] 

D. Both A and B

 

Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

If an obtained correlation was 0.50, the coefficient of determination would be:

 

 

[removed] 

A. 0.50.

 

[removed] 

B. 0.25.

 

[removed] 

C. -0.50.

 

[removed] 

D. 0.00.

 

Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

A strong relationship between two variables:

 

 

[removed] 

A. can imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

B. cannot imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

C. can imply causality in differential research but not in correlational research.

 

[removed] 

D. is entirely meaningless.

 

Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. a status survey.

 

[removed] 

B. nonprobability sampling.

 

[removed] 

C. probability sampling.

 

[removed] 

D. simple random sampling.

 

Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Milfont (2009) found that desirable responding did not impact the self-reporting of environmental attitudes and behavior. What methodological issues might decrease the credibility of this claim?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Ecological behavior was self-reported instead of measuring actual behavior.

 

[removed] 

B. The sample used was made up only self-reported environmentalists.

 

[removed] 

C. Environmental attitudes were not related to environmental behavior in this study.

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above was true of the study.

 

Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Archival research

 

[removed] 

B. Ex post facto methodology

 

[removed] 

C. Experimental research

 

[removed] 

D. Naturalistic observation

 

Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the reason for this statement: “In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables”?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Correlation coefficients are calculated.

 

[removed] 

B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured.

 

[removed] 

C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them.

 

[removed] 

D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured.

 

Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

The problem of participants’ contrived consistency on self-report measures can be reduced by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. including fewer items.

 

[removed] 

B. using appropriate statistical controls.

 

[removed] 

C. making the participant aware of what the researcher is interested in.

 

[removed] 

D. adding filler items.

 

Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the primary ethical concern in low-constraint research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Confidentiality

 

[removed] 

B. Researcher’s access to sensitive information

 

[removed] 

C. Informed consent

 

[removed] 

D. All of the above

 

Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Archival research is an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. single-subject designs.

 

[removed] 

B. an ANOVA.

 

[removed] 

C. low-constraint field research.

 

[removed] 

D. high-constraint laboratory research.

 

Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. asking patients to describe their experiences.

 

[removed] 

B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards.

 

[removed] 

C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms.

 

[removed] 

D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital.

 

Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

A probability statement such as “given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high” is referred to as a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. event notation.

 

[removed] 

B. corollary.

 

[removed] 

C. certainty statement.

 

[removed] 

D. contingency.

 

Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

One of the most important uses of a correlation is its potential use in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. causal inferences.

 

[removed] 

B. determining differences between groups.

 

[removed] 

C. enhancing internal validity.

 

[removed] 

D. the prediction of future events.

 

Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about:

 

 

[removed] 

A. techniques for manipulating variables.

 

[removed] 

B. causality.

 

[removed] 

C. relationships among variables.

 

[removed] 

D. making and testing predictions.

 

Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

     

An area of concern that is more problematic in laboratory research than in low-constraint field work in psychology is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. scientific validity.

 

[removed] 

B. generalizability of findings.

 

[removed] 

C. that lab experiments are unethical.

 

[removed] 

D. that most human behavior can only be evaluated in naturalistic environments.

 

Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Without experimentation:

 

 

[removed] 

A. no conclusions can be drawn.

 

[removed] 

B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn.

 

[removed] 

C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult.

 

[removed] 

D. drawing strong conclusions is easy.

 

Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Asking participants in a survey a question such as, “What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?” is an example of a(n) __________ question.

 

 

[removed] 

A. open-ended

 

[removed] 

B. multiple-choice

 

[removed] 

C. Likert scale

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above

 

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.

 

[removed] 

B. analysis of variance (ANOVA).

 

[removed] 

C. chi-square test.

 

[removed] 

D. correlated t-test.

 

Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant’s attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measurement reactivity.

 

[removed] 

B. participant observer bias.

 

[removed] 

C. unobtrusive measurement.

 

[removed] 

D. obtrusive participant measurement.

 

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Testing effects are most pronounced in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measures of skill.

 

[removed] 

B. elderly participants.

 

[removed] 

C. young participants.

 

[removed] 

D. nonverbal tests.

 

Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following characterizes experimental research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Seeking the strength and direction of relationships

 

[removed] 

B. Hypothesis generating as the major aim

 

[removed] 

C. High control and causal inferences

 

[removed] 

D. The goal of observing contingent relationships

 

Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

Multiple observers should be used in psychology when:

 

 

[removed] 

A. observations are not completely subjective.

 

[removed] 

B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations.

 

[removed] 

C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient.

 

[removed] 

D. the measure is unreliable.

 

Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

Failure to rule out __________ variables results in threats to __________ validity.

 

 

[removed] 

A. confounding; internal

 

[removed] 

B. confounding; external

 

[removed] 

C. dependent; internal

 

[removed] 

D. dependent; external

 

Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to do a study of pretest anxiety. He devises two possible ways of measuring pretest anxiety: (1) attaching electrodes to the palm and measuring the amount of sweat produced; (2) having observers rate participants on how anxious they look. Which of the following is true?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Both are subjective measures.

 

[removed] 

B. Both are objective measures.

 

[removed] 

C. #1 is objective; #2 is subjective.

 

[removed] 

D. #1 is subjective; #2 is objective.

 

Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

Matched random assignment is used in situations in which random assignment would:

 

 

[removed] 

A. increase chances of unequal sample sizes.

 

[removed] 

B. cause possible confounding because the groups may be unequal on key dimensions.

 

[removed] 

C. not be possible because the researcher has too much prior knowledge about the parti

research in psychology exam 5

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

In low-constraint studies:

 

 

[removed] 

A. analysis is only possible if we use complex statistical software.

 

[removed] 

B. coding of data is generally necessary before analysis.

 

[removed] 

C. direct analysis can always be undertaken.

 

[removed] 

D. there is often no data to analyze.

 

Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

A survey is most useful in gathering data on the:

 

 

[removed] 

A. knowledge base of participants.

 

[removed] 

B. attitudes of participants.

 

[removed] 

C. causes of participants’ behavior.

 

[removed] 

D. Both A and B

 

Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

If an obtained correlation was 0.50, the coefficient of determination would be:

 

 

[removed] 

A. 0.50.

 

[removed] 

B. 0.25.

 

[removed] 

C. -0.50.

 

[removed] 

D. 0.00.

 

Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

A strong relationship between two variables:

 

 

[removed] 

A. can imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

B. cannot imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

C. can imply causality in differential research but not in correlational research.

 

[removed] 

D. is entirely meaningless.

 

Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. a status survey.

 

[removed] 

B. nonprobability sampling.

 

[removed] 

C. probability sampling.

 

[removed] 

D. simple random sampling.

 

Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Milfont (2009) found that desirable responding did not impact the self-reporting of environmental attitudes and behavior. What methodological issues might decrease the credibility of this claim?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Ecological behavior was self-reported instead of measuring actual behavior.

 

[removed] 

B. The sample used was made up only self-reported environmentalists.

 

[removed] 

C. Environmental attitudes were not related to environmental behavior in this study.

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above was true of the study.

 

Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Archival research

 

[removed] 

B. Ex post facto methodology

 

[removed] 

C. Experimental research

 

[removed] 

D. Naturalistic observation

 

Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the reason for this statement: “In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables”?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Correlation coefficients are calculated.

 

[removed] 

B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured.

 

[removed] 

C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them.

 

[removed] 

D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured.

 

Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

The problem of participants’ contrived consistency on self-report measures can be reduced by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. including fewer items.

 

[removed] 

B. using appropriate statistical controls.

 

[removed] 

C. making the participant aware of what the researcher is interested in.

 

[removed] 

D. adding filler items.

 

Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the primary ethical concern in low-constraint research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Confidentiality

 

[removed] 

B. Researcher’s access to sensitive information

 

[removed] 

C. Informed consent

 

[removed] 

D. All of the above

 

Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Archival research is an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. single-subject designs.

 

[removed] 

B. an ANOVA.

 

[removed] 

C. low-constraint field research.

 

[removed] 

D. high-constraint laboratory research.

 

Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. asking patients to describe their experiences.

 

[removed] 

B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards.

 

[removed] 

C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms.

 

[removed] 

D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital.

 

Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

A probability statement such as “given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high” is referred to as a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. event notation.

 

[removed] 

B. corollary.

 

[removed] 

C. certainty statement.

 

[removed] 

D. contingency.

 

Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

One of the most important uses of a correlation is its potential use in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. causal inferences.

 

[removed] 

B. determining differences between groups.

 

[removed] 

C. enhancing internal validity.

 

[removed] 

D. the prediction of future events.

 

Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about:

 

 

[removed] 

A. techniques for manipulating variables.

 

[removed] 

B. causality.

 

[removed] 

C. relationships among variables.

 

[removed] 

D. making and testing predictions.

 

Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

     

An area of concern that is more problematic in laboratory research than in low-constraint field work in psychology is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. scientific validity.

 

[removed] 

B. generalizability of findings.

 

[removed] 

C. that lab experiments are unethical.

 

[removed] 

D. that most human behavior can only be evaluated in naturalistic environments.

 

Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Without experimentation:

 

 

[removed] 

A. no conclusions can be drawn.

 

[removed] 

B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn.

 

[removed] 

C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult.

 

[removed] 

D. drawing strong conclusions is easy.

 

Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Asking participants in a survey a question such as, “What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?” is an example of a(n) __________ question.

 

 

[removed] 

A. open-ended

 

[removed] 

B. multiple-choice

 

[removed] 

C. Likert scale

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above

 

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.

 

[removed] 

B. analysis of variance (ANOVA).

 

[removed] 

C. chi-square test.

 

[removed] 

D. correlated t-test.

 

Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant’s attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measurement reactivity.

 

[removed] 

B. participant observer bias.

 

[removed] 

C. unobtrusive measurement.

 

[removed] 

D. obtrusive participant measurement.

 

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Testing effects are most pronounced in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measures of skill.

 

[removed] 

B. elderly participants.

 

[removed] 

C. young participants.

 

[removed] 

D. nonverbal tests.

 

Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following characterizes experimental research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Seeking the strength and direction of relationships

 

[removed] 

B. Hypothesis generating as the major aim

 

[removed] 

C. High control and causal inferences

 

[removed] 

D. The goal of observing contingent relationships

 

Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

Multiple observers should be used in psychology when:

 

 

[removed] 

A. observations are not completely subjective.

 

[removed] 

B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations.

 

[removed] 

C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient.

 

[removed] 

D. the measure is unreliable.

 

Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

Failure to rule out __________ variables results in threats to __________ validity.

 

 

[removed] 

A. confounding; internal

 

[removed] 

B. confounding; external

 

[removed] 

C. dependent; internal

 

[removed] 

D. dependent; external

 

Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to do a study of pretest anxiety. He devises two possible ways of measuring pretest anxiety: (1) attaching electrodes to the palm and measuring the amount of sweat produced; (2) having observers rate participants on how anxious they look. Which of the following is true?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Both are subjective measures.

 

[removed] 

B. Both are objective measures.

 

[removed] 

C. #1 is objective; #2 is subjective.

 

[removed] 

D. #1 is subjective; #2 is objective.

 

Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

Matched random assignment is used in situations in which random assignment would:

 

 

[removed] 

A. increase chances of unequal sample sizes.

 

[removed] 

B. cause possible confounding because the groups may be unequal on key dimensions.

 

[removed] 

C. not be possible because the researcher has too much prior knowledge about the parti

research in psychology exam 5

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

In low-constraint studies:

 

 

[removed] 

A. analysis is only possible if we use complex statistical software.

 

[removed] 

B. coding of data is generally necessary before analysis.

 

[removed] 

C. direct analysis can always be undertaken.

 

[removed] 

D. there is often no data to analyze.

 

Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

A survey is most useful in gathering data on the:

 

 

[removed] 

A. knowledge base of participants.

 

[removed] 

B. attitudes of participants.

 

[removed] 

C. causes of participants’ behavior.

 

[removed] 

D. Both A and B

 

Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

If an obtained correlation was 0.50, the coefficient of determination would be:

 

 

[removed] 

A. 0.50.

 

[removed] 

B. 0.25.

 

[removed] 

C. -0.50.

 

[removed] 

D. 0.00.

 

Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

A strong relationship between two variables:

 

 

[removed] 

A. can imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

B. cannot imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

C. can imply causality in differential research but not in correlational research.

 

[removed] 

D. is entirely meaningless.

 

Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. a status survey.

 

[removed] 

B. nonprobability sampling.

 

[removed] 

C. probability sampling.

 

[removed] 

D. simple random sampling.

 

Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Milfont (2009) found that desirable responding did not impact the self-reporting of environmental attitudes and behavior. What methodological issues might decrease the credibility of this claim?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Ecological behavior was self-reported instead of measuring actual behavior.

 

[removed] 

B. The sample used was made up only self-reported environmentalists.

 

[removed] 

C. Environmental attitudes were not related to environmental behavior in this study.

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above was true of the study.

 

Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Archival research

 

[removed] 

B. Ex post facto methodology

 

[removed] 

C. Experimental research

 

[removed] 

D. Naturalistic observation

 

Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the reason for this statement: “In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables”?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Correlation coefficients are calculated.

 

[removed] 

B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured.

 

[removed] 

C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them.

 

[removed] 

D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured.

 

Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

The problem of participants’ contrived consistency on self-report measures can be reduced by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. including fewer items.

 

[removed] 

B. using appropriate statistical controls.

 

[removed] 

C. making the participant aware of what the researcher is interested in.

 

[removed] 

D. adding filler items.

 

Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the primary ethical concern in low-constraint research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Confidentiality

 

[removed] 

B. Researcher’s access to sensitive information

 

[removed] 

C. Informed consent

 

[removed] 

D. All of the above

 

Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Archival research is an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. single-subject designs.

 

[removed] 

B. an ANOVA.

 

[removed] 

C. low-constraint field research.

 

[removed] 

D. high-constraint laboratory research.

 

Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. asking patients to describe their experiences.

 

[removed] 

B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards.

 

[removed] 

C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms.

 

[removed] 

D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital.

 

Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

A probability statement such as “given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high” is referred to as a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. event notation.

 

[removed] 

B. corollary.

 

[removed] 

C. certainty statement.

 

[removed] 

D. contingency.

 

Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

One of the most important uses of a correlation is its potential use in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. causal inferences.

 

[removed] 

B. determining differences between groups.

 

[removed] 

C. enhancing internal validity.

 

[removed] 

D. the prediction of future events.

 

Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about:

 

 

[removed] 

A. techniques for manipulating variables.

 

[removed] 

B. causality.

 

[removed] 

C. relationships among variables.

 

[removed] 

D. making and testing predictions.

 

Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

     

An area of concern that is more problematic in laboratory research than in low-constraint field work in psychology is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. scientific validity.

 

[removed] 

B. generalizability of findings.

 

[removed] 

C. that lab experiments are unethical.

 

[removed] 

D. that most human behavior can only be evaluated in naturalistic environments.

 

Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Without experimentation:

 

 

[removed] 

A. no conclusions can be drawn.

 

[removed] 

B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn.

 

[removed] 

C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult.

 

[removed] 

D. drawing strong conclusions is easy.

 

Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Asking participants in a survey a question such as, “What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?” is an example of a(n) __________ question.

 

 

[removed] 

A. open-ended

 

[removed] 

B. multiple-choice

 

[removed] 

C. Likert scale

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above

 

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.

 

[removed] 

B. analysis of variance (ANOVA).

 

[removed] 

C. chi-square test.

 

[removed] 

D. correlated t-test.

 

Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant’s attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measurement reactivity.

 

[removed] 

B. participant observer bias.

 

[removed] 

C. unobtrusive measurement.

 

[removed] 

D. obtrusive participant measurement.

 

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Testing effects are most pronounced in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measures of skill.

 

[removed] 

B. elderly participants.

 

[removed] 

C. young participants.

 

[removed] 

D. nonverbal tests.

 

Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following characterizes experimental research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Seeking the strength and direction of relationships

 

[removed] 

B. Hypothesis generating as the major aim

 

[removed] 

C. High control and causal inferences

 

[removed] 

D. The goal of observing contingent relationships

 

Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

Multiple observers should be used in psychology when:

 

 

[removed] 

A. observations are not completely subjective.

 

[removed] 

B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations.

 

[removed] 

C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient.

 

[removed] 

D. the measure is unreliable.

 

Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

Failure to rule out __________ variables results in threats to __________ validity.

 

 

[removed] 

A. confounding; internal

 

[removed] 

B. confounding; external

 

[removed] 

C. dependent; internal

 

[removed] 

D. dependent; external

 

Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to do a study of pretest anxiety. He devises two possible ways of measuring pretest anxiety: (1) attaching electrodes to the palm and measuring the amount of sweat produced; (2) having observers rate participants on how anxious they look. Which of the following is true?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Both are subjective measures.

 

[removed] 

B. Both are objective measures.

 

[removed] 

C. #1 is objective; #2 is subjective.

 

[removed] 

D. #1 is subjective; #2 is objective.

 

Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

Matched random assignment is used in situations in which random assignment would:

 

 

[removed] 

A. increase chances of unequal sample sizes.

 

[removed] 

B. cause possible confounding because the groups may be unequal on key dimensions.

 

[removed] 

C. not be possible because the researcher has too much prior knowledge about the parti

research in psychology exam 5

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

In low-constraint studies:

 

 

[removed] 

A. analysis is only possible if we use complex statistical software.

 

[removed] 

B. coding of data is generally necessary before analysis.

 

[removed] 

C. direct analysis can always be undertaken.

 

[removed] 

D. there is often no data to analyze.

 

Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

A survey is most useful in gathering data on the:

 

 

[removed] 

A. knowledge base of participants.

 

[removed] 

B. attitudes of participants.

 

[removed] 

C. causes of participants’ behavior.

 

[removed] 

D. Both A and B

 

Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

If an obtained correlation was 0.50, the coefficient of determination would be:

 

 

[removed] 

A. 0.50.

 

[removed] 

B. 0.25.

 

[removed] 

C. -0.50.

 

[removed] 

D. 0.00.

 

Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

A strong relationship between two variables:

 

 

[removed] 

A. can imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

B. cannot imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

C. can imply causality in differential research but not in correlational research.

 

[removed] 

D. is entirely meaningless.

 

Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. a status survey.

 

[removed] 

B. nonprobability sampling.

 

[removed] 

C. probability sampling.

 

[removed] 

D. simple random sampling.

 

Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Milfont (2009) found that desirable responding did not impact the self-reporting of environmental attitudes and behavior. What methodological issues might decrease the credibility of this claim?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Ecological behavior was self-reported instead of measuring actual behavior.

 

[removed] 

B. The sample used was made up only self-reported environmentalists.

 

[removed] 

C. Environmental attitudes were not related to environmental behavior in this study.

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above was true of the study.

 

Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Archival research

 

[removed] 

B. Ex post facto methodology

 

[removed] 

C. Experimental research

 

[removed] 

D. Naturalistic observation

 

Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the reason for this statement: “In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables”?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Correlation coefficients are calculated.

 

[removed] 

B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured.

 

[removed] 

C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them.

 

[removed] 

D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured.

 

Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

The problem of participants’ contrived consistency on self-report measures can be reduced by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. including fewer items.

 

[removed] 

B. using appropriate statistical controls.

 

[removed] 

C. making the participant aware of what the researcher is interested in.

 

[removed] 

D. adding filler items.

 

Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the primary ethical concern in low-constraint research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Confidentiality

 

[removed] 

B. Researcher’s access to sensitive information

 

[removed] 

C. Informed consent

 

[removed] 

D. All of the above

 

Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Archival research is an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. single-subject designs.

 

[removed] 

B. an ANOVA.

 

[removed] 

C. low-constraint field research.

 

[removed] 

D. high-constraint laboratory research.

 

Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. asking patients to describe their experiences.

 

[removed] 

B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards.

 

[removed] 

C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms.

 

[removed] 

D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital.

 

Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

A probability statement such as “given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high” is referred to as a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. event notation.

 

[removed] 

B. corollary.

 

[removed] 

C. certainty statement.

 

[removed] 

D. contingency.

 

Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

One of the most important uses of a correlation is its potential use in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. causal inferences.

 

[removed] 

B. determining differences between groups.

 

[removed] 

C. enhancing internal validity.

 

[removed] 

D. the prediction of future events.

 

Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about:

 

 

[removed] 

A. techniques for manipulating variables.

 

[removed] 

B. causality.

 

[removed] 

C. relationships among variables.

 

[removed] 

D. making and testing predictions.

 

Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

     

An area of concern that is more problematic in laboratory research than in low-constraint field work in psychology is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. scientific validity.

 

[removed] 

B. generalizability of findings.

 

[removed] 

C. that lab experiments are unethical.

 

[removed] 

D. that most human behavior can only be evaluated in naturalistic environments.

 

Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Without experimentation:

 

 

[removed] 

A. no conclusions can be drawn.

 

[removed] 

B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn.

 

[removed] 

C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult.

 

[removed] 

D. drawing strong conclusions is easy.

 

Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Asking participants in a survey a question such as, “What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?” is an example of a(n) __________ question.

 

 

[removed] 

A. open-ended

 

[removed] 

B. multiple-choice

 

[removed] 

C. Likert scale

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above

 

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.

 

[removed] 

B. analysis of variance (ANOVA).

 

[removed] 

C. chi-square test.

 

[removed] 

D. correlated t-test.

 

Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant’s attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measurement reactivity.

 

[removed] 

B. participant observer bias.

 

[removed] 

C. unobtrusive measurement.

 

[removed] 

D. obtrusive participant measurement.

 

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Testing effects are most pronounced in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measures of skill.

 

[removed] 

B. elderly participants.

 

[removed] 

C. young participants.

 

[removed] 

D. nonverbal tests.

 

Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following characterizes experimental research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Seeking the strength and direction of relationships

 

[removed] 

B. Hypothesis generating as the major aim

 

[removed] 

C. High control and causal inferences

 

[removed] 

D. The goal of observing contingent relationships

 

Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

Multiple observers should be used in psychology when:

 

 

[removed] 

A. observations are not completely subjective.

 

[removed] 

B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations.

 

[removed] 

C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient.

 

[removed] 

D. the measure is unreliable.

 

Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

Failure to rule out __________ variables results in threats to __________ validity.

 

 

[removed] 

A. confounding; internal

 

[removed] 

B. confounding; external

 

[removed] 

C. dependent; internal

 

[removed] 

D. dependent; external

 

Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to do a study of pretest anxiety. He devises two possible ways of measuring pretest anxiety: (1) attaching electrodes to the palm and measuring the amount of sweat produced; (2) having observers rate participants on how anxious they look. Which of the following is true?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Both are subjective measures.

 

[removed] 

B. Both are objective measures.

 

[removed] 

C. #1 is objective; #2 is subjective.

 

[removed] 

D. #1 is subjective; #2 is objective.

 

Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

Matched random assignment is used in situations in which random assignment would:

 

 

[removed] 

A. increase chances of unequal sample sizes.

 

[removed] 

B. cause possible confounding because the groups may be unequal on key dimensions.

 

[removed] 

C. not be possible because the researcher has too much prior knowledge about the parti

Identify 8 managed care contracting terms and how they impact the way that health care is delivered in the United States.

Task Type: Individual Project   Deliverable Length: 500-750 words

Managed care has had a profound impact on the way that health care is delivered and paid for in the United States. A large portion of Healing Hands Hospital’s revenue come from managed care reimbursement making managed care a very important part of the business process. Mr. Woods has asked you to help provide some training to the members of the public relations committee to help them understand key managed care terms, so they can include them in their campaign of community education.

 

  • Identify 8 managed care contracting terms and how they impact the way that health care is delivered in the United States.
  • Managed care has changed so dramatically in the United States over the years. What did managed care look like 10 years ago compared to how it looks today?
  • Discuss the future of managed care.

 

HUM 112 Assignment 2 Project PaperAssignment 2 Project Pape

HUM 112 Assignment 2 Project PaperAssignment 2: Project PaperReadthe topic carefully. Write a three to four (3-4) page paper (750-1,000words) that responds to each of the items described in the topic“Women’s Roles Then & Now.Script”.Women’s Roles Then & Now.Script. Scripta conversation between two (2) notable women from the 18th and / or19th century on the roles women should play in society. Within thedialogue, include:  1.  Biographical information for each woman. 2.  The historical status for women in general during the time period in which each woman lived.3.  What opinions each of the women might have on the role the women should play in society during their lifetimes. 4.  What each of the women might think about women’s current roles.1.  Supportyour ideas with specific, illustrative examples. If there are questionsor points associated with your chosen topic, be sure to answer all ofthe listed questions and address all of the items in that topic. If yourtopic asks you to do several things related to the topic, be sure to doeach of the things listed.2.  Whilesome of the topics tend to lend themselves toward particular writinggenres, you are not restricted to the specific format suggested for theindividual topic. For example, you may do an “interview,” a “proposal,” a“letter,” a “short story,” a “blog,” an “essay,” an “article,” or anyother written genre for almost any of the topics. The project isintended to be fun as well as informative, so feel free to be creativewith the delivery of your information. 3.  Use at least three (3) good quality academic sources, with one (1) source being the class text.Note: Wikipediaand other similar Websites do not qualify as academic resources. Youare highly encouraged to use the Resource Center tab at the top of yourBlackboard page. The Project Paper will be graded on:The level to which the instructions were followed.The extent to which all four (4) parts in the topic were addressed.The adequacy of information, examples, and details which support the general claim or main  idea.The clarity and relevance of the explanations and descriptions.Adherence to standard rules of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.The inclusion of three (3) required references (two [2] additional sources besides your textbook) documented using APA style.Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:Betyped, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), withone-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA Style format.Check with your professor for any additional instructions specific tothe selected topic.Includea cover page containing the tile of the assignment, the student’s name,the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover pageand the reference page are not included in the required page length. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:Explain how key social, cultural, and artistic contributions contribute to historical changes.Explain the importance of situating a society’s cultural and artistic expressions within a historical context. Examinethe influences of intellectual, religious, political, andsocio-economic forces on social, cultural, and artistic expressions. Identify major historical developments in world cultures from the Renaissance to the contemporary period.Use technology and information resources to research issues in the study of world cultures.Write clearly and concisely about world cultures using proper writing mechanics.

http//factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/

http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ECN_2007_US_31SR12&prodType=tableUsing data from the 2007 Census for manufacturing, provided in the link above. 1) Find the four-firm concentration ratios for the following industries: fluid milk (311511); women’s and girl’s cut and sew dresses (315233); envelopes (322232); electronic computers (334111).2) Using the above data:a) Which industries are highly competitive?b) Which industries have low levels of competition?c) Which industries qualify as oligopolies?3) Give four names (the proper noun name) of some companies that operate in the industries above that qualify as oligopolies?

How do many refugees like Ha turn inside out when fleeing th

How do many refugees like Ha turn inside out when fleeing their home country ? Write introduction,body paragraph 1 and 2, a conclusion based the novel inside out and back again by Thannha Lai.Here the instruction follow it please.Blue Link Essay-Resource-Packet-Revised (3).doc PIXECT-20150102190832.jpgNow Help I need to write better own introduction high level writerBlue Link Example Introduction of my teacherIntroducing who refugee areBackground information about what happens  to refugees when they flee their homeconnecting refugees to the phrase inside outIntroducing Inside out and back again by Thanhha Lai based novelIntroducing  the character who essay will focus onExplaning how war impacted the characterThesis/Claim/Main Idea Sentence PIXECT-20150102185314.jpg Now Help I need to write better own Body Paragraph 1 Elements high level writer Blue Link Example Introduction of my teacherTopic SentenceOne piece of evidence from the informational text that supports your topic sentence.Second Piece of Evidence from the informational text that supports your topic sentenceOne piece of evidence from the novel that connects to the informational text evidence from Inside out and back again by Thannhai LaiSecond piece evidence from the novel that connects to the informational text evidence from Inside out and back again by Thannhai LaiConcluding Sentence of the paragraph writingit about refugee and inside out and back again novel.Finish body paragraph 1 body paragraph 2 same elements.Topic SentenceOne piece of evidence from the informational text that supports your topic sentence.Second Piece of Evidence from the informational text that supports your topic sentenceOne piece of evidence from the novel that connects to the informational text evidence from Inside out and back again by Thannhai LaiSecond piece evidence from the novel that connects to the informational text evidence from Inside out and back again by Thannhai LaiPIXECT-20150102190212.jpg blue link example from my teacher for body paragraph 2Final Conclusion PIXECT-20150102190408.jpg Restating the most common problems all refugee’s faceUsing evidence from an informational text to support the restatementExplaining the evidence stated in the previous statementConnecting the novel to the restatement sentenceConcluding sentence.All four paragraph introduction,body paragrpah 1 and 2 and conclusion.High level writer of this essay based the novel  inside out and back again and refugee.USE THAT LINK FILE HELP ESSAY PLAN Essay-Resource-Packet-Revised (3).doc Information TEXT evidence list for the essay listChildren_of_War.docxrefugees who where why by catherine geverthttp://partners.nytimes.com/library/world/asia/042475vietnam-saigon.htmlRefugee and Immigrant Children: A ComparisonInclude Inside Out and Back Again the novel.DON’T find anything only four text and one novel for evidenceMake better please hand it by JAN 4 2015 send files fast.

How does Chaucer’s choice to set The Canterbury Tales’ â

How does Chaucer’s choice to set The Canterbury Tales’ “Prologue” in spring contribute to the narrative? (1 point)a)It underscores the arduous journey the characters are about to take.b)It emphasizes the limited time the characters have to make their pilgrimage.c)It reinforces the notion that martyrdom is something to be avoided.d)It casts the idea of religious pilgrimage as a new beginning.

how do you subtract fractions. &nbspneed step by step instuctio

how do you subtract fractions.  need step by step instuctionsIn order to subtract fractions, you must have the same denominator (bottom number)Example:3/4 + 1/2Common denominator is 43/4 + 2/4 = 5/4 or 1-1/41/2 * 2/2 = 2/4  (1/2 and 2/4 are equivalant – they are equal – only the 1/2 is multiplied by 2 on top and bottom)Second Example:2/3 + 1/6Common denominator is 62/3 * 2/2 = 4/64/6 + 1/6 = 5/6Third Example:2/5 + 3/15Common denominator is 152/5 * 3/3 = 6/15