Description 1.Can States file a difference about ICAO language proficiency Stan …

Description 1.Can States file a difference about ICAO language proficiency Standards? Why or why not? Explain. 2.What evidence indicates that language may have been a latent factor in the BZ midair collision: list the pieces of evidence that two AeroSafety World articles explain. Introduction: Midair Collision BZ INTRODUCTION Shortly after September 29, 2006, a team of aviation safety specialists travelled from the United States to Brazil to assist in the investigation of a midair collision that occurred in clear skies, during daylight hours, between two newer aircraft, both equipped with collision avoidance equipment. The smaller of the two aircraft involved in the collision, an Embraer with seven persons on board, although damaged, was able to land safely at a nearby military airport. The larger aircraft, a Boeing 737, crashed in the Amazon jungle; all one-hundred and fifty-four crew members and passengers perished in the accident. The US group of aviation safety specialists included representation from the National Transportation Safety Board and experts in operations, systems, air traffic control, flight recorders, and aircraft performance, advisors from Boeing, N600XL, Honeywell, and the FAA. Brazil’s accident investigation service, CENIPA, led the investigation with their own team of experts and published the Final Report. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) published Summary and Detailed Comments in response to the CENIPA report. The CENIPA report is particularly lengthy and detailed, not unexpected for an investigation of an accident that was considered highly improbable, requiring an extraordinarily intricate chain of unlikely events to link up so precisely that a breach in the multilayered safety wall opened, through which both aircraft were able to fly with such tragic consequences. On the other hand, interrupting the chain of events that led to the accident may have been as simple as, “N600XL, check your transponder.” Unanswered questions Accidents are almost never the result of one single error, and the CENIPA Report and NTSB Responses detail a complex host of factors which led the American, English-speaking pilots ferrying the new Embraer (N600XL) from Sao Paulo to the United States to fly a Northwesterly direction at 37,000 feet on a route at which northbound aircraft would normally fly 36,000 or 38,000 feet. At that altitude, the aircraft was on a direct collision course with the B737, operated as GOL 1907, en route to Brasilia from Manaus, Brazil. A significant factor in the accident was the loss of the transponder signal from N600XL approximately fifty-four minutes before the collision. The cause of the loss of the transponder signal is unclear, and the investigation teams rigorously tested multiple theories searching for possible explanations. After discounting several possibilities, the investigators ultimately determined that the pilots had most likely shut off their transponder inadvertently.Additionally, CENIPA finds that distractions on the flight deck interfered with the crew’s responsibility to monitor their instruments and maintain an awareness of ATC communications. One question left unanswered concerns the controllers’ response to the transponder failure. CENIPA notes that air traffic control “did not perform the procedures prescribed to contact the aircraft when the transponder signal transmission was interrupted, a contact which was mandatory for the maintenance of the aircraft under RVSM vertical separation parameters.” What is not clear, however, is why air traffic controllers who noticed the loss of the N600XL transponder did not notify the pilots of the failure. In their Summary response to the CENIPA report, the NTSB cites a “lack of timely ATC action after the loss of N600XL’s transponder and two-way radio communication,” as a deficiency in the ATC system that is not “sufficiently supported with analysis or reflected in the conclusions or cause of the accident.” This question does not appear to be as rigorously investigated as was the cause of the loss of the transponder signal. In a report that otherwise systematically analyzes other aspects of the accident in extensive detail, that this question is so scantily addressed bears review. A careful linguistic review of the information provided in the accident investigation report suggests that linguistic factors had a more significant impact on the chain of events leading to this accident than are represented in the conclusions of the report.

Calculate the price of your order

Select your paper details and see how much our professional writing services will cost.

We`ll send you the first draft for approval by at
Price: $36
  • Freebies
  • Format
  • Formatting (MLA, APA, Chicago, custom, etc.)
  • Title page & bibliography
  • 24/7 customer support
  • Amendments to your paper when they are needed
  • Chat with your writer
  • 275 word/double-spaced page
  • 12 point Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double, single, and custom spacing
  • We care about originality

    Our custom human-written papers from top essay writers are always free from plagiarism.

  • We protect your privacy

    Your data and payment info stay secured every time you get our help from an essay writer.

  • You control your money

    Your money is safe with us. If your plans change, you can get it sent back to your card.

How it works

  1. 1
    You give us the details
    Complete a brief order form to tell us what kind of paper you need.
  2. 2
    We find you a top writer
    One of the best experts in your discipline starts working on your essay.
  3. 3
    You get the paper done
    Enjoy writing that meets your demands and high academic standards!

Samples from our advanced writers

Check out some essay pieces from our best essay writers before your place an order. They will help you better understand what our service can do for you.

  • Annotated bibliography
    Annotated Bibliography
    Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)
    Nursing
    APA
  • Essay (any type)
    Challenges facing business considering to start doing business in Latin American countries
    Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)
    Accounting
    APA
  • Essay (any type)
    Mercier and Sperbergs argumentative theory of human reasoning
    Master's
    Psychology
    APA
  • Creative writing
    Different ways to prepare for a cross-cultural negotiation, and ethical dilemma.
    High school
    Accounting
    APA
  • Creative writing
    Different ways to prepare for a cross-cultural negotiation, and ethical dilemma.
    High school
    Accounting
    APA

Get your own paper from top experts

Order now

Perks of our essay writing service

We offer more than just hand-crafted papers customized for you. Here are more of our greatest perks.

  • Swift delivery
    Our writing service can deliver your short and urgent papers in just 4 hours!
  • Professional touch
    We find you a pro writer who knows all the ins and outs of your subject.
  • Easy order placing/tracking
    Create a new order and check on its progress at any time in your dashboard.
  • Help with any kind of paper
    Need a PhD thesis, research project, or a two-page essay? For you, we can do it all.
  • Experts in 80+ subjects
    Our pro writers can help you with anything, from nursing to business studies.
  • Calculations and code
    We also do math, write code, and solve problems in 30+ STEM disciplines.

Frequently asked questions

Get instant answers to the questions that students ask most often.

See full FAQ
  • Is your service legal and ethical?

    Our service is intended for educational assistance and research purposes. We strongly advocate for responsible and ethical use of the essays we provide. Please review our Terms of Service for more information.
  • What academic levels do you cover?

    We cater to various academic levels, including high school, college, undergraduate, and graduate levels.
  • How do you ensure the quality of the essays?

    We have a dedicated quality control team that reviews and edits every essay to ensure it meets our high standards for grammar, style, and content.
  • Can I communicate with the writer directly?

    Yes, you can communicate with your assigned writer through our messaging system, ensuring a smooth collaboration throughout the writing process.
  • Do you offer refunds?

    Our refund policy is outlined in our Terms of Service. We provide refunds under specific circumstances. Please review our Refund Policy for more details.
  • Do you meet deadlines?

    We understand the importance of deadlines. Our writers are committed to delivering orders on time, and we have a high success rate in meeting deadlines.
  • What is your plagiarism policy?

    • We have a strict zero-plagiarism policy. All essays are checked with plagiarism-detection software to ensure originality and authenticity.
  • Can I request revisions?

    • Yes, we offer free revisions within a specified period after delivery. If your essay doesn't meet your initial requirements, contact our support team, and we'll make it right.
  • What is your pricing structure?

    • Our pricing depends on factors like the type of paper, academic level, deadline, and additional services. You can find detailed pricing information on our Pricing page.
  • What types of essays do you write?

    • We cover a wide range of essay types, including argumentative, descriptive, expository, persuasive, research papers, dissertations, and more. Just let us know your specific requirements.
  • Is your service confidential?

    • Absolutely. We prioritize your privacy and maintain strict confidentiality. Your personal information and the details of your order are never shared with third parties.
  • Can I choose my writer?

    • Yes, you can! We offer the option to select a preferred writer based on their profiles and expertise. If you don't have a preference, our system will automatically assign the best writer for your order.
  • Who are the writers?

    • Our writers are experienced professionals with diverse backgrounds and expertise in various academic disciplines. They hold advanced degrees and have a proven track record of delivering high-quality content.
  • How does your service work?

    • Our service is designed to make ordering essays and academic assistance straightforward. You start by filling out an order form with your requirements, choosing a writer, making payment, and receiving the completed essay within your specified deadline.
See full FAQ

Take your studies to the next level with our experienced specialists