Description Document 1: Explore the etiology, symptoms, areas impacted in the brain, and treatment options for Schizophrenia. Bring in examples of how sociological factors impact Schizophrenia. Be sure to include references. Please response to each of the following with a 50-75 word response. number 1: Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder characterized by disordered thoughts, delusions, hallucinations, and often bizarre behaviors (Carlson, 2013). The causes of this disorder are for the most part biological. Some causes could be season of birth, viral epidemics, population density, prenatal malnutrition, maternal stress, and substance abuse (Carlson, 2013). It can be passed down from the parents to the children. There are three types of symptoms that show in Schizophrenic people and they are positive, negative, and cognitive. The positive symptoms are delusions, hallucinations, thought disorders, grandeur persecution and control. Negative symptoms are social withdrawal, anhedonia, poverty of speech, flattened emotional response, and lack of initiative and persistence. Cognitive symptoms are as follows; difficulty in sustaining attention, Low psychomotor speed, and deficits in learning and memory. It takes this disease . The area of the brain that is affected most by this disease is the prefrontal cortex. Treatment for schizophrenia is PCP, Ketomine, Clozapine, and aripiprazole (Carlson, 2013). For the most part, the best treatment is pharmacologic. number 2: I have to say I find reading about Schizophrenia intriguing. There are no known causes of schizophrenia, but it is believed to be caused by a multitude of factors as in genetics, environmental, psychological, and physical. There are multiple different sections of the brain that are affected by this disorder such as the prefrontal cortex, medial temporal lobe, superior lobe, and the gray matter in the brain (“National Center For Biotechnology Information”, 2020). According to Carlson (2013) schizophrenia can show symptoms from three different categories. These categories are positive, negative, and cognitive. The positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders, etc. Social withdrawal, lack of pleasure, problems with speech etc. are negative symptoms. The cognitive symptoms include low attention span, issues with problem solving and abstract thinking, learning and memory issues, etc. There are a few different for treatment options for schizophrenia. Medications (prescription pills or injections) and therapy are the two biggest ones used to treat this disorder. Psychiatrists have also hospitalized schizophrenic patients or given them electroconvulsive treatment (ECT). Treatment for this disorder is lifelong for the patient and may be trying at times
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