Description Read the Bandura (1965) article. Then create a Word document with an APA style title page and answer the following questions about the article. You will also need an APA style reference page which includes the article itself and the dictionary source for the words you look up. In your opinion, why do we have a tendency to imitate behavior? In an earlier study by Bandura, children saw adults either rewarded or punished for violent behavior. Children, regardless of whether the adult was punished or rewarded, were able to verbally state what the adults did, showing that they learned the behavior. Given this and experiences in your own background, what is your stance on the question in the article of “whether reinforcement is primarily a learning-related or a performance-related variable” (p. 590)? What does “attending responses to televised stimuli are strongly conditioned in children” mean (p. 590)? What are the consequences that condition this behavior? Look at Figure 1. You will notice a few things: a) boys were more aggressive than girls, b) when viewing the model being rewarded, kids were more likely to demonstrate those behaviors when alone, and c) the use of incentives promoted demonstration of the behaviors, regardless of whether the model was punished or rewarded. If you compare the boys’ and girls’ performance in the “Model Rewarded” and “No consequences” conditions, they are quite similar. Why do you think rewards for the model and no consequences for the model would result in the same behavior patterns? Bandura stated, “[T]he introduction of positive incentives practically wiped out the prior performance disparity strongly suggest[ing] that the frequently observed sex differences in aggression may reflect primarily differences in willingness to exhibit aggressive responses rather than deficits in learning or ‘masculine-role identification’” (p. 594). Do you feel this statement is accurate? What do you think might contribute to the suggestion that girls might be less willing to be aggressive? Is this situation nature or nurture? What are the implications of this article? Implications refers to the degree that this study can be applied to other elements of life. Implications can also mean “big picture” take home messages. For each class in which I require article questions, I ask that you identify words in the article that you are unfamiliar with. The goal is to help build your vocabulary which is helpful in life and, especially, for the Graduate Record Examination (should you decide to take it in the future). Please complete this portion even if you feel you know all of the words in the article. It is good practice. Also, be sure to provide a reference for where you found the information. Identify 5 words that you are unfamiliar with and provide a definition for each
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