Library

Use of non-pharmacological methods in treatment of hypogonadism

Step 1:

Choose a topic to work on throughout the ENTIRE semester. Students may seek approval on the same topic used in another course, but it is not guaranteed that approval for one course may be automatically approved in this course as the focus and requirements are unique to 608.  All topics must be approved prior to beginning the Module 2 Assignment. Choose a topic that provides enough *Quantitative and Qualitative literature support to  effectively research AND locate an Evidenced Based Practice Guidelines/Clinical Practice Guideline OR Position Statement (only 1 is needed) to support your papers.  If you have taken this course previously, it is in your best interest to choose a different topic. You are at risk of self-plagiarism/academic misconduct. No prior work in this course or any other work should ever be submitted for any of the assignments.

*You will be required to find 1 quantitative single study, 1 quantitative meta-analysis, 1 qualitative single study and 1 qualitative meta-synthesis, meta-ethnography, meta-study, meta-summary, critical interpretive synthesis or systematic review

State the following in the forum area for approval:

  1. Clearly identify the problem you are interested in and why it is important to your role as an Advanced Practice Nurse or in Advanced Nursing Practice , the facility, unit or population you serve. (1-3 sentences)
  2. State the title of the Clinical Practice Guideline or Position Statement you located.  Note: you will look for an Evidence Based or Clinical Practice Guideline or Position Statement (vetted/recognized by a national agency or organization and not opinion based) to support the topic you are interested in by providing the title. Faculty will NOT pre-approve your guideline, but this step serves as a way for you to ensure that a guideline exists for your proposed POI (see examples below of clinical practice guidelines and evidence based practice guidelines and position statements to ensure you are correctly identifying one). Note: simply because the word guideline or recommendation is in the title does not mean that is the case. You must check to ensure that it means the requirements.
  3. State the topics searched by indicating the (a) database with ### results, (you can further narrow this to the specific types of research if desired or place in a table format). You are not required to include the titles of the research studies. Perform a search of your topic and specifically look for single studies, both qualitative and quantitative, a meta-analysis, meta-synthesis and/or qualitative/quantitative systematic review. You must have several types of research studies (as designated in the assignments) for this course. If you are lacking ample studies in this area you may have difficulty with the next several assignments. Again this step is serving as a safeguard for you to ensure enough research exists on your proposed POI. Indicate in the discussion:

 

 

Step 1: Introduction

A good introduction should be no more than 1 paragraph grabbing the reader’s attention providing insight to the POI and significance to the APN’s role. End with a strong thesis or purpose statement. Note: the thesis should be condensed to 1 brief purpose statement.

Step 2: POI Significance: 

Discuss why this POI is significant to your role as an APN. How will it change practice? Why did you select this topic? Next, discuss all 3 measures: structural, process and outcomes by comparing them to one another or identifying how/what is different. What expected structural, process OR outcome measures are you hoping to see with instituting a change in practice? You must clearly identify the measure you are evaluating in this example and it should relate directly to your POI. To see a more thorough discussion on these measures, review the following information. (2-3 paragraphs)

AHRQ Structural, Process or Outcome Measures– (Links to an external site.)this link provides an overview of process, structural and outcome measures. Be sure to specify the type of measure you would expect with your implementation of EBP into practice. You must show understanding of the measure itself in your discussion. 

Step 3 PICO :

You will include a PICO framework AND the clinical question in this section. Follow these directions as specified.

Outline the PICO framework by listing (do not write in a paragraph format)  P-population or patients, I-intervention, C-comparison, and O-outcomes as it relates to your POI. Then develop the clinical question by including  all parts of the PICO framework in the question. Be as specific as possible in both the PICO framework development and clinical question and avoid phrases such as:  “compared to the standard practice” , or “compared to the current practice” because faculty do not know what the normal practice or standard practice is at your facility.

EXAMPLE: Be sure to include a heading for this section i.e. PICO/Clinical Question.

PICO -center this heading p. 48-49 APA book

P: children in the acute care setting that are between 3 and 18 years of age, not including non-verbal children

I: implementation of non-pharmacologic pain interventions i.e. (art therapy, music, dim lights, etc.).

C: pharmacologic interventions (Tylenol, motrin, narcotics)

O: more effective at reducing pain as measured by decreased pain ratings on approved pain scales, stable vital signs, behavior

Clinical Question: In pediatric patients aged 3 years to 18 years (P) is the implementation of non-pharmacologic pain interventions (I) more effective (O) than pharmacologic interventions (C ) in reducing pain as evidence by: decreased pain ratings, stable vital signs, behavior assessments?

Step 4 Tool Completion: 

To provide an overview of the guideline OR position statement use the tool below. You will need to address each question or section of the tool as it applies to the required information;  missing information may cause you to lose points.  You must submit the completed tool with the assignment. Please attach the completed tool separately to the assignment area. Faculty need to see your analysis of the guideline for full credit. Use the link below to complete. You can save the document as a pdf, use the edit function to fill in or handwrite and scan back into the assignment area. 

Evaluation Tool for Guideline OR Position Statement Word Document 

Download Evaluation Tool for Guideline OR Position Statement Word Document

Example of how to complete the tool- 

Download Example of how to complete the tool-do not use this document for your appraisal but as a guide only

Step 5 Critique of Guideline/Position Statement:

Critique the guideline or position statement by discussing ALL of the following and including appropriate support from your guideline/statement selection: (2-3 pages)

(1) purpose/aim of the recommendation/position statement-are they clear, current and relevant to your population?

(2) Recommendations or objectives of the guideline/statement

(3) Who (authors, groups, organizations) developed the guideline/position statement and what biases or funding did they receive? Did the authors, groups or organization have a valued interest in the guideline, why or why not? Remember to consider the author’s role professionally as part of your answer. 

(4) Describe if they information is credible and justify your answer. What makes information credible? Is their truth in the data, interventions recommended, or studies used to support recommendations, how do you know? 

(5)  What levels of evidence were used to support each recommendation statement-look at the studies and resources used to develop the guideline or position statement. What levels of evidence were these resources/studies? Are those individual studies/resources of strong or weak on the evidence hierarchy? How do you know and does it influence the overall recommendation or guideline?

(6) Based on the level of evidence used to support the recommendation statements, is the overall quality of that evidence high/low and how does that influence your decision to implement this recommendation or practice guideline into your practice? Fully support with evidence from the literature. 

Step 6 Quality Improvement:

Explain how this guideline or position statement would impact quality improvement by addressing 2 of the bioethical principles: justice, autonomy, beneficence, or non-maleficence. Students must demonstrate full understanding of each principle discussed. (1-2 paragraphs)

Step 7 Conclusion:

Conclude the entire paper by summarizing each section. Do not repeat what you did in the paper, but summarize the findings. Never include new findings in the conclusion. (1 paragraph)

Step 8 Guideline/Position Statement Attachment:

Include a copy of the full guideline or position statement as an attachment or merged to the paper after the resources. Faculty must be able to have full and direct access to your guideline or position statement to determine if you selected and analyzed accordingly on your tool to receive full credit. If you are reviewing a guideline or position statement that has been updated, than you must be sure to provide the full and original guideline/position statement for your faculty. Therefore, you may need to submit more than 1 document for step 8 to satisfy this rubric item. 

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized

Comparative Analysis of Health Care

omparative Analysis

 

Criteria Ratings Pts  

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIntroduction

1. Introduction

1.5 to >0.75 pts

Fully Met

The topic of the paper is introduced and supporting statements that address background and relevance are included. The introduction is a single paragraph ending with a direct thesis statement that informs the reader of the purpose or the primary objective of this paper.

 

0.75 to >0.0 pts

Partially Met

The introduction may be lacking development of required components and/or may not end in a thesis.

 

0 pts

Not Met

The section is absent.

 

1.5 pts
 
 

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeThe Affordable Care Act

1. Discuss healthcare outcomes before and after the ACA.
2. Consider what has improved, stayed the same, or still needs work regarding access, cost, and quality.

3.5 to >2.5 pts

Fully Met

The student uses the framework of access, cost, and quality to discuss U.S. health outcomes before and after the ACA. The section is well developed and includes what has improved, what has stayed the same, and what still needs attention. Support for conclusions are provided throughout.

 

2.5 to >1.5 pts

Partially Met

The relationship of conclusions to access, quality, and cost are inconsistently discussed. One of the posed questions may require additional development and clarity.

 

1.5 to >0.0 pts

Minimally Met

Two or more of the posed questions are minimally addressed or absent. Connections to access, cost, and quality are absent.

 

0 pts

Not Met

The section is absent or addresses material other than what was required.

 

3.5 pts
 
 

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeComparison of Developed Nations

1. Compare and contrast each of the following indicators of health in the U.S. to those of comparable nations: (a) chronic disease outcomes, (b) hospital-related care or patient safety outcomes, (c) life expectancy, and (d) mortality rate.
2. Also addresses changes in life expectancy due to COVID.

4 to >3.0 pts

Fully Met

Each of the required factors is included. Statements of comparison and contrast are clearly included. Updated data illustrating the relationship between life expectancy and race post-pandemic are provided. Current numerical data are included.

 

3 to >1.5 pts

Partially Met

The student addressed the required factors, but statements of comparison and contrast are not clearly included or are unclear in their explanation. Alternatively, the student may have omitted the pandemic-related life expectancy discussion. Relevant current numerical data may be lacking.

 

1.5 to >0.0 pts

Minimally Met

More than one required factors was omitted in addition to minimal development or absence of compare and contrast statements. Pandemic life expectancy data may or may not have been included. Significant exclusion of relevant numerical data.

 

0 pts

Not Met

The section is absent or addresses material other than what was required.

 

4 pts
 
 

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeEconomic Comparison

1. Discussion of each of the following economic principles are discussed: (a) gross domestic product, (b) healthcare expenditure per capita, (c) spending priorities, and (d) cost sharing.
2. Statements of compare and contrast are included.

4 to >3.0 pts

Fully Met

Each of the required factors is included. Statements of comparison and contrast are clearly included and explanations are clear and thorough. Current numerical data are included.

 

3 to >1.5 pts

Partially Met

The student addressed the required factors, but statements of comparison and contrast are not clearly included or are unclear in their explanation. Additional use of relevant numerical data may be needed.

 

1.5 to >0.0 pts

Minimaly Met

More than one required factors was omitted in addition to minimal development or absence of compare and contrast statements. Significant exclusion of relevant numerical data.

 

0 pts

Not Met

The section is absent or addresses material other than what was required.

 

4 pts
 
 

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCurrent Issues and Sustainability

1. The student chooses and discusses one of the following AS FULLY EXPRESSED IN THE DIRECTIONS: (a) the individual mandate, (b) birth rate and system sustainability (c) immigration status and health (d) healthcare system conglomerations, OR (e) climate change and maternal-newborn health.

4 to >3.0 pts

Fully Met

The section is fully developed, answering each of the posed questions in the instructions for the chosen letter. Work is well supported with relevant data as applicable and peer-reviewed references. The student demonstrates graduate-level depth and analysis of the topic.

 

3 to >1.5 pts

Partially Met

An aspect of the information is unclear or lacking in support or development. Relevant connections that add to the depth to the work are lacking.

 

1.5 to >0.0 pts

Minimally Met

The instruction prompt is only partially or minimally addressed with insufficient support and development.

 

0 pts

Not Met

The section is absent or addresses material other than what was required.

 

4 pts
 
 

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeU.S. Health Disparities

1. Summary of the current status of healthcare disparities in the U.S. and explanation of their causes.
2. Discussion of the impact of holistic admissions and/or affirmative action on solving health disparities.

4 to >3.0 pts

Fully Met

The student both describes current health disparities and identifies reasons for their existence. Explanations for how those causative factors lead to disparities are included. Relevance of admission processes in health science programs is included. Section is well developed and supported.

 

3 to >2.0 pts

Partially Met

The discussion of health disparities does not consistently include clear explanations of causation. Support could be improved or relevance of health sciences program admissions is not clear.

 

2 to >0.0 pts

Minimally Met

The causes of health disparities are not consistently identified and explanations of their effects are not included. Relevance of health sciences program admissions may be minimally developed or absent.

 

0 pts

Not Met

The section is absent or addresses material other than what was required.

 

4 pts
 
 

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeConclusion

1. Conclusion

1.5 to >0.75 pts

Fully Met

The major points of the paper are summarized in one (1) paragraph. No new information or references are included in this section.

 

0.75 to >0.0 pts

Partially Met

The conclusion is lacking development of required components and/or presents new information.

 

0 pts

Not Met

The section is absent.

 

1.5 pts
 
 

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeScholarship

1. Scholarly writing skills and APA format. Additional deductions for scholarship may occur up to 20%. 2. Late deductions will be applied as outlined in the syllabus. 3. Plagiarism, accidental or otherwise, can also result in deductions up to and beyond the 20% as well as the initiation of academic misconduct proceedings as outlined in the Lowdown. This includes submitting work previously submitted to other courses or to this course in another semester. 4. Direct quotes outside of providing key definitions are discouraged.

2.5 to >2.0 pts

Proficient

The student’s application of graduate level critical thinking, writing skills, and application of APA format are exemplary. (See Mastery Content section in APA Quick Guide for an idea of where to start.)

 

2 to >1.0 pts

Competent

The student’s application of graduate level critical thinking, writing skills, and application of APA format are good with room for minor improvements. Additional assistance outside of class optional.

 

1 to >0.0 pts

Developing

The student’s application of graduate level critical thinking, writing skills, and application of APA format illustrates minimal competency with room for significant improvements. Additional assistance outside of class strongly recommended

 

0 pts

Does Not Meet Expectations

The student’s application of graduate level critical thinking, writing skills, and application of APA format are absent with major improvements necessary. Additional assistance outside of class likely required for success in the course. See Student Resources and Support for information on how to create an eTutoring account with the Center for Academic Excellence.

 

2.5 pts
 
 
Total Points: 25

Posted in Uncategorized

Crime reduction

Hello, I would like to have a paper done for me. 15 pages

Posted in Uncategorized

research in psychology exam 5

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

In low-constraint studies:

 

 

[removed] 

A. analysis is only possible if we use complex statistical software.

 

[removed] 

B. coding of data is generally necessary before analysis.

 

[removed] 

C. direct analysis can always be undertaken.

 

[removed] 

D. there is often no data to analyze.

 

Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

A survey is most useful in gathering data on the:

 

 

[removed] 

A. knowledge base of participants.

 

[removed] 

B. attitudes of participants.

 

[removed] 

C. causes of participants’ behavior.

 

[removed] 

D. Both A and B

 

Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

If an obtained correlation was 0.50, the coefficient of determination would be:

 

 

[removed] 

A. 0.50.

 

[removed] 

B. 0.25.

 

[removed] 

C. -0.50.

 

[removed] 

D. 0.00.

 

Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

A strong relationship between two variables:

 

 

[removed] 

A. can imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

B. cannot imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

C. can imply causality in differential research but not in correlational research.

 

[removed] 

D. is entirely meaningless.

 

Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. a status survey.

 

[removed] 

B. nonprobability sampling.

 

[removed] 

C. probability sampling.

 

[removed] 

D. simple random sampling.

 

Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Milfont (2009) found that desirable responding did not impact the self-reporting of environmental attitudes and behavior. What methodological issues might decrease the credibility of this claim?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Ecological behavior was self-reported instead of measuring actual behavior.

 

[removed] 

B. The sample used was made up only self-reported environmentalists.

 

[removed] 

C. Environmental attitudes were not related to environmental behavior in this study.

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above was true of the study.

 

Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Archival research

 

[removed] 

B. Ex post facto methodology

 

[removed] 

C. Experimental research

 

[removed] 

D. Naturalistic observation

 

Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the reason for this statement: “In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables”?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Correlation coefficients are calculated.

 

[removed] 

B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured.

 

[removed] 

C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them.

 

[removed] 

D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured.

 

Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

The problem of participants’ contrived consistency on self-report measures can be reduced by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. including fewer items.

 

[removed] 

B. using appropriate statistical controls.

 

[removed] 

C. making the participant aware of what the researcher is interested in.

 

[removed] 

D. adding filler items.

 

Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the primary ethical concern in low-constraint research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Confidentiality

 

[removed] 

B. Researcher’s access to sensitive information

 

[removed] 

C. Informed consent

 

[removed] 

D. All of the above

 

Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Archival research is an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. single-subject designs.

 

[removed] 

B. an ANOVA.

 

[removed] 

C. low-constraint field research.

 

[removed] 

D. high-constraint laboratory research.

 

Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. asking patients to describe their experiences.

 

[removed] 

B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards.

 

[removed] 

C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms.

 

[removed] 

D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital.

 

Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

A probability statement such as “given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high” is referred to as a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. event notation.

 

[removed] 

B. corollary.

 

[removed] 

C. certainty statement.

 

[removed] 

D. contingency.

 

Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

One of the most important uses of a correlation is its potential use in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. causal inferences.

 

[removed] 

B. determining differences between groups.

 

[removed] 

C. enhancing internal validity.

 

[removed] 

D. the prediction of future events.

 

Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about:

 

 

[removed] 

A. techniques for manipulating variables.

 

[removed] 

B. causality.

 

[removed] 

C. relationships among variables.

 

[removed] 

D. making and testing predictions.

 

Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

     

An area of concern that is more problematic in laboratory research than in low-constraint field work in psychology is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. scientific validity.

 

[removed] 

B. generalizability of findings.

 

[removed] 

C. that lab experiments are unethical.

 

[removed] 

D. that most human behavior can only be evaluated in naturalistic environments.

 

Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Without experimentation:

 

 

[removed] 

A. no conclusions can be drawn.

 

[removed] 

B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn.

 

[removed] 

C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult.

 

[removed] 

D. drawing strong conclusions is easy.

 

Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Asking participants in a survey a question such as, “What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?” is an example of a(n) __________ question.

 

 

[removed] 

A. open-ended

 

[removed] 

B. multiple-choice

 

[removed] 

C. Likert scale

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above

 

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.

 

[removed] 

B. analysis of variance (ANOVA).

 

[removed] 

C. chi-square test.

 

[removed] 

D. correlated t-test.

 

Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant’s attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measurement reactivity.

 

[removed] 

B. participant observer bias.

 

[removed] 

C. unobtrusive measurement.

 

[removed] 

D. obtrusive participant measurement.

 

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Testing effects are most pronounced in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measures of skill.

 

[removed] 

B. elderly participants.

 

[removed] 

C. young participants.

 

[removed] 

D. nonverbal tests.

 

Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following characterizes experimental research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Seeking the strength and direction of relationships

 

[removed] 

B. Hypothesis generating as the major aim

 

[removed] 

C. High control and causal inferences

 

[removed] 

D. The goal of observing contingent relationships

 

Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

Multiple observers should be used in psychology when:

 

 

[removed] 

A. observations are not completely subjective.

 

[removed] 

B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations.

 

[removed] 

C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient.

 

[removed] 

D. the measure is unreliable.

 

Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

Failure to rule out __________ variables results in threats to __________ validity.

 

 

[removed] 

A. confounding; internal

 

[removed] 

B. confounding; external

 

[removed] 

C. dependent; internal

 

[removed] 

D. dependent; external

 

Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to do a study of pretest anxiety. He devises two possible ways of measuring pretest anxiety: (1) attaching electrodes to the palm and measuring the amount of sweat produced; (2) having observers rate participants on how anxious they look. Which of the following is true?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Both are subjective measures.

 

[removed] 

B. Both are objective measures.

 

[removed] 

C. #1 is objective; #2 is subjective.

 

[removed] 

D. #1 is subjective; #2 is objective.

 

Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

Matched random assignment is used in situations in which random assignment would:

 

 

[removed] 

A. increase chances of unequal sample sizes.

 

[removed] 

B. cause possible confounding because the groups may be unequal on key dimensions.

 

[removed] 

C. not be possible because the researcher has too much prior knowledge about the parti

Treatment versus Punishment: That is the Question!

When looking at the relationship between social justice and juvenile justice, there are two overarching concepts when addressing juvenile delinquency – treatment and punishment. These two concepts have driven a cycle of changes in the juvenile justice system over the years. Your task is to support your premise that your state or city should either implement a philosophy of treatment or punishment for juvenile offenders for a specific crime or criminal justice issue identified in your paper.

  • Explain the differences between the treatment and punishment concepts. Build the case for which one you believe has the stronger position based on your research and the crime or criminal justice issue you selected to study.
  • Review the juvenile crime statistics between three cities or states in three different parts of the country (e.g., Boston, Chicago, and Seattle) for a crime or criminal justice issue. Incorporate a graphic display to present your findings. Be sure to include at least three demographic items, such as gender, ethnicity, race, education, or socio-economic status, in your analysis. Ensure you standardize your data (i.e., 1:1000; 1:10,000; or 1: 100,000) and incorporate the scale in a key for each chart.
  • Identify the prevailing thought in the city or state: Is it treatment or punishment? Analyze the differences in the recidivism rates between the cities or states you have selected? Is recidivism the best indicator of success or failure or should we use a different indicator?
  • In Chapters 2 and 3 of the text, our author addresses biological, psychological and sociological theories to help explain juvenile delinquency. Evaluate which of these theories would best support your thesis.
  • Support which juvenile justice intervention strategy would be effective to counter the crime or criminal justice issue based on your research?
  • Conclude with a summary of which concept (treatment or punishment) best supports the over arching concept of social justice?

The paper must be ten to twelve pages in length and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least six scholarly resources (at least four of which must be found in the Ashford Online Library) other than the textbook to support your claims. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.

Writing the Final Paper

The Final Paper:

  • Must be ten to twelve double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  • Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  • Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  • Must use at least six scholarly resources, including a minimum of four from the Ashford University Library.
  • Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Posted in Uncategorized

research in psychology exam 5

Question 1 of 40

2.5 Points

In low-constraint studies:

 

 

[removed] 

A. analysis is only possible if we use complex statistical software.

 

[removed] 

B. coding of data is generally necessary before analysis.

 

[removed] 

C. direct analysis can always be undertaken.

 

[removed] 

D. there is often no data to analyze.

 

Question 2 of 40

2.5 Points

A survey is most useful in gathering data on the:

 

 

[removed] 

A. knowledge base of participants.

 

[removed] 

B. attitudes of participants.

 

[removed] 

C. causes of participants’ behavior.

 

[removed] 

D. Both A and B

 

Question 3 of 40

2.5 Points

If an obtained correlation was 0.50, the coefficient of determination would be:

 

 

[removed] 

A. 0.50.

 

[removed] 

B. 0.25.

 

[removed] 

C. -0.50.

 

[removed] 

D. 0.00.

 

Question 4 of 40

2.5 Points

A strong relationship between two variables:

 

 

[removed] 

A. can imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

B. cannot imply causality in differential research.

 

[removed] 

C. can imply causality in differential research but not in correlational research.

 

[removed] 

D. is entirely meaningless.

 

Question 5 of 40

2.5 Points

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. a status survey.

 

[removed] 

B. nonprobability sampling.

 

[removed] 

C. probability sampling.

 

[removed] 

D. simple random sampling.

 

Question 6 of 40

2.5 Points

Milfont (2009) found that desirable responding did not impact the self-reporting of environmental attitudes and behavior. What methodological issues might decrease the credibility of this claim?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Ecological behavior was self-reported instead of measuring actual behavior.

 

[removed] 

B. The sample used was made up only self-reported environmentalists.

 

[removed] 

C. Environmental attitudes were not related to environmental behavior in this study.

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above was true of the study.

 

Question 7 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study bonding behavior in chimpanzees. Unfortunately, the researcher has no real knowledge about chimpanzees, and there is no information on bonding in the literature. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to begin to study the topic?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Archival research

 

[removed] 

B. Ex post facto methodology

 

[removed] 

C. Experimental research

 

[removed] 

D. Naturalistic observation

 

Question 8 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the reason for this statement: “In differential research, we are actually studying relationships between variables”?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Correlation coefficients are calculated.

 

[removed] 

B. The strength of the relationship between dependent variables is measured.

 

[removed] 

C. Differential research involves only measuring variables and not manipulating them.

 

[removed] 

D. Contingent relationships are carefully measured.

 

Question 9 of 40

2.5 Points

The problem of participants’ contrived consistency on self-report measures can be reduced by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. including fewer items.

 

[removed] 

B. using appropriate statistical controls.

 

[removed] 

C. making the participant aware of what the researcher is interested in.

 

[removed] 

D. adding filler items.

 

Question 10 of 40

2.5 Points

What is the primary ethical concern in low-constraint research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Confidentiality

 

[removed] 

B. Researcher’s access to sensitive information

 

[removed] 

C. Informed consent

 

[removed] 

D. All of the above

 

Question 11 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Archival research is an example of:

 

 

[removed] 

A. single-subject designs.

 

[removed] 

B. an ANOVA.

 

[removed] 

C. low-constraint field research.

 

[removed] 

D. high-constraint laboratory research.

 

Question 12 of 40

2.5 Points

     

Rosenhan investigated the experiences of psychiatric patients in mental hospitals by:

 

 

[removed] 

A. asking patients to describe their experiences.

 

[removed] 

B. unobtrusively observing the behavior of patients on psychiatric hospital wards.

 

[removed] 

C. asking normal people to admit themselves to mental hospitals by feigning symptoms.

 

[removed] 

D. asking psychiatrists to describe the environment of a typical mental hospital.

 

Question 13 of 40

2.5 Points

A probability statement such as “given that event X occurred, then the probability of event Y occurring is high” is referred to as a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. event notation.

 

[removed] 

B. corollary.

 

[removed] 

C. certainty statement.

 

[removed] 

D. contingency.

 

Question 14 of 40

2.5 Points

One of the most important uses of a correlation is its potential use in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. causal inferences.

 

[removed] 

B. determining differences between groups.

 

[removed] 

C. enhancing internal validity.

 

[removed] 

D. the prediction of future events.

 

Question 15 of 40

2.5 Points

Low-constraint research enables us to obtain useful information about:

 

 

[removed] 

A. techniques for manipulating variables.

 

[removed] 

B. causality.

 

[removed] 

C. relationships among variables.

 

[removed] 

D. making and testing predictions.

 

Question 16 of 40

2.5 Points

     

An area of concern that is more problematic in laboratory research than in low-constraint field work in psychology is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. scientific validity.

 

[removed] 

B. generalizability of findings.

 

[removed] 

C. that lab experiments are unethical.

 

[removed] 

D. that most human behavior can only be evaluated in naturalistic environments.

 

Question 17 of 40

2.5 Points

Without experimentation:

 

 

[removed] 

A. no conclusions can be drawn.

 

[removed] 

B. strong causal conclusions can still be drawn.

 

[removed] 

C. drawing strong conclusions is difficult.

 

[removed] 

D. drawing strong conclusions is easy.

 

Question 18 of 40

2.5 Points

Asking participants in a survey a question such as, “What is your opinion of the way the economy is being handled by the president?” is an example of a(n) __________ question.

 

 

[removed] 

A. open-ended

 

[removed] 

B. multiple-choice

 

[removed] 

C. Likert scale

 

[removed] 

D. None of the above

 

Question 19 of 40

2.5 Points

In analyzing data in differential research, if we have score data and more than two groups, we would typically use a(n):

 

 

[removed] 

A. Mann-Whitney U-Test.

 

[removed] 

B. analysis of variance (ANOVA).

 

[removed] 

C. chi-square test.

 

[removed] 

D. correlated t-test.

 

Question 20 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to study the effects of attention on ability to perform a task. The participant’s attention is recorded by a research assistant that the participant knows is watching. A problem with this design is:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measurement reactivity.

 

[removed] 

B. participant observer bias.

 

[removed] 

C. unobtrusive measurement.

 

[removed] 

D. obtrusive participant measurement.

 

Question 21 of 40

2.5 Points

Testing effects are most pronounced in:

 

 

[removed] 

A. measures of skill.

 

[removed] 

B. elderly participants.

 

[removed] 

C. young participants.

 

[removed] 

D. nonverbal tests.

 

Question 22 of 40

2.5 Points

Which of the following characterizes experimental research?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Seeking the strength and direction of relationships

 

[removed] 

B. Hypothesis generating as the major aim

 

[removed] 

C. High control and causal inferences

 

[removed] 

D. The goal of observing contingent relationships

 

Question 23 of 40

2.5 Points

Multiple observers should be used in psychology when:

 

 

[removed] 

A. observations are not completely subjective.

 

[removed] 

B. there are questions about objectivity in making observations.

 

[removed] 

C. it is thought that one observer is sufficient.

 

[removed] 

D. the measure is unreliable.

 

Question 24 of 40

2.5 Points

Failure to rule out __________ variables results in threats to __________ validity.

 

 

[removed] 

A. confounding; internal

 

[removed] 

B. confounding; external

 

[removed] 

C. dependent; internal

 

[removed] 

D. dependent; external

 

Question 25 of 40

2.5 Points

A researcher wants to do a study of pretest anxiety. He devises two possible ways of measuring pretest anxiety: (1) attaching electrodes to the palm and measuring the amount of sweat produced; (2) having observers rate participants on how anxious they look. Which of the following is true?

 

 

[removed] 

A. Both are subjective measures.

 

[removed] 

B. Both are objective measures.

 

[removed] 

C. #1 is objective; #2 is subjective.

 

[removed] 

D. #1 is subjective; #2 is objective.

 

Question 26 of 40

2.5 Points

Matched random assignment is used in situations in which random assignment would:

 

 

[removed] 

A. increase chances of unequal sample sizes.

 

[removed] 

B. cause possible confounding because the groups may be unequal on key dimensions.

 

[removed] 

C. not be possible because the researcher has too much prior knowledge about the parti

Social Work Group Treatment Sessions

Planning a Group

When a client is dealing with several problems at one time, it can be difficult to determine which type of treatment group would be most beneficial. Some types of treatment groups may overlap in addressing certain problems or issues. The literature is helpful in assisting the clinical social worker in determining the type, purpose, and goals of the treatment group.

For this Assignment, review the case history and video session.

In a 3- to 4-page paper, describe a treatment group that would help Helen Petrakis in one of the following areas: (a) caregiving, (b) sandwich generation, (c) serving as a family member of an individual with addiction.

  • Review and briefly summarize the literature about the social issue that is the focus of your group (caregiving, sandwich generation, or addictions).
  • Write a plan that includes the following elements:
    • Type of treatment group
    • Purpose of the group
    • Membership
    • Method to recruit
    • Composition
    • Size
    • Open/closed
    • Monitoring

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Treatment versus Punishment – That is the Question!

Treatment versus Punishment – That is the Question!

When looking at the relationship between social justice and juvenile justice, there are two over arching concepts when addressing juvenile delinquency – treatment and punishment. These two concepts have driven a cycle of changes in the juvenile justice system over the years. Your task is to support your premise that your state or city should either implement a philosophy of treatment or punishment for juvenile offenders for a specific crime or criminal justice issue identified in your paper.

  1. Explain the differences between the treatment and punishment concepts. Build the case for which one you believe has the stronger position based on your research and the crime or criminal justice issue you selected to study.
  2. Review the juvenile crime statistics between three cities or states in three different parts of the country (e.g., Boston, Chicago, and Seattle) for a crime or criminal justice issue. Incorporate a graphic display to present your findings. Be sure to include at least three demographic items, such as gender, ethnicity, race, education, or socio-economic status, in your analysis. Ensure you standardize your data (i.e., 1:1000; 1:10,000; or 1: 100,000) and incorporate the scale in a key for each chart.
  3. Identify the prevailing thought in the city or state: Is it treatment or punishment? Analyze the differences in the recidivism rates between the cities or states you have selected? Is recidivism the best indicator of success or failure or should we use a different indicator?
  4. In chapters 2 and 3 of the text, our author addresses biological, psychological and sociological theories to help explain juvenile delinquency. Evaluate which of these theories would best support your thesis.
  5. Support which juvenile justice intervention strategy would be effective to counter the crime or criminal justice issue based on your research?
  6. Conclude with a summary of which concept (treatment or punishment) best supports the over arching concept of social justice?

The paper must be ten to twelve pages in length and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least six scholarly resources (at least four of which must be found in the Ashford Online Library) other than the textbook to support your claims. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center.

Writing the Final Paper
The Final Paper:

  1. Must be ten to twelve double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  2. Must include a title page with the following:
    1. Title of paper
    2. Student’s name
    3. Course name and number
    4. Instructor’s name
    5. Date submitted
  3. Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  5. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  6. Must use at least six scholarly resources, including a minimum of four from the Ashford University Library.
  7. Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  8. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

Posted in Uncategorized

You are the safety manager for a 50,000 square foot warehouse operation where paints and painting supplies are stored. What are your top ten recommendations for ensuring adequate fire prevention and protection in this facility? Provide a brief justificati

You are the safety manager for a 50,000 square foot warehouse operation where paints and painting supplies are stored. What are your top ten recommendations for ensuring adequate fire prevention and protection in this facility? Provide a brief justification for each of your recommendations. 

Your response should be at least 250 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Posted in Uncategorized