science and youYour Task: Forthis assessment, you will complete a worksheet where you will evaluatesome real world scenarios and determine if they are science orpseudoscience. You will also design your own experiment that uses thescientific method. Please save your work on the Science and You Worksheet and submit the file for grading.Part 1:Read the examples and answer the questions.Remember to put each situation to the validity test by asking each of the following:Has it been tested and observed numerous times by more than one group of scientists?Is the study or data documented completely, and does it follow the scientific method?Does the information contain just the facts and avoid mixing in opinion and assumption?Is the information presented purely for public knowledge, avoiding being connected with a new product that is for sale?Does the information come from a third party that is not profiting from the results of the study?Is this information supported by any other studies that have been conducted by other companies or agencies?Example 1 (5 points)Ateam of researchers are working on a project to make a new kind ofairplane fuel. During their experiment, there was an explosion thatdestroyed the lab. While they were cleaning up the debris, theydiscovered a number of pieces of frozen metal. The scientific communitywas amazed. The researchers were so excited to report that they haddiscovered a fuel that burns so hot that it becomes cold. They were notsure of the true importance of their discovery but they knew it wassomething that had never been seen before. The researchers quickly wroteup a report, created a press release, and applied for a patent. Thenews spread quickly through the world wide scientific community and soonother scientists were trying to replicate their experiment. Much to therelief of the original team or researchers, no other scientist couldever replicate their find.Would this example be considered science or pseudoscience? Support your decision with at least three reasons.Example 2 (5 points)Researchersat a university want to know if higher levels of nitrogen in fertilizerwill increase the production of tomatoes per plant. Twenty plants aregiven normal levels of nitrogen and twenty other plants are given tenpercent higher levels throughout the growing season. The plants receivethe same levels of sunlight, water and are planted in the same soil onone farm. At the end of the experiment the average number of tomatoesproduced is the same for each group. The scientists repeat theexperiment on two additional farms further south that season. Theresearchers conclude that increasing nitrogen levels by 10% in tomatoesis not beneficial.Would this be a well designed reliable experiment? Support your decision with at least three reasons.Example 3 (5 points)Thereis a new brand of water on the market that has been proven to relieveheadaches. It is selling like crazy! When the Food and DrugAdministration asked for scientific proof that the water actually doeswhat it claims to do, the owners of the company produced a scientificresearch study that they had paid a group of scientists to perform. Inthe study researchers gave this special water to a group of 50 peoplewho claimed to have a headache. The people drank the special waterwhenever they felt thirsty over a period of 24 hours. After the 24hours, 99% of the people reported that their headache was gone.Shouldthe Food and Drug Administration trust this scientific study and allowthe company to sell the water with this claim? Would this be an exampleof Science or Pseudoscience? Support your answer with at least threereasons.Example 4 (5 points)Agroup of researchers from a local lab are trying to get funding for aresearch study to determine if the color blue is better than the colorgreen. They have written a proposal and submitted to the company thatcould potentially give them the money needed to conduct the study. Theresearchers proposed to carry out their study in four differentgeographic locations and use variations of both the color blue and thecolor green to ensure that they will gather reliable information.Should the company give the researchers the money to conduct this study? Support your decision with at least three reasons.Example 5 (5 points)Thetown of Seaside needs to build a new power plant. The old coal burningplant produces too much pollution and is no longer safe. The mayordecides that he will do some research on alternative forms of energylike nuclear power plants and solar power plants.Whattypes of resources should the mayor use to conduct his research? Whywould these be considered reliable source of information and why? Whattypes of resources are reliable? How can he use what he learns to makethe best decision for the town?Part 2: (35 points)Designyour own scientific experiment. Your experiment must follow thescientific method and meet the criteria described in the lesson in orderto be considered scientific. You do not have to conduct yourexperiment; however, you are still responsible for including all thesteps of the scientific method. Since you will not be able to recorddata or draw a conclusion, for the last two steps please include adescription of what each step involves.Your points will be awarded as described below:Topic chosen–is it testable?5 pointsExperimental design–are the variables controlled?5 pointsIncludes all steps of the Scientific Method, as described in the lesson, in proper sequence10 pointsEach step of the Scientific Method is appropriately used or fully explained as it applies to the experiment15 pointsTotal35 pointsQuestion: Hypothesis: Materials: Step by Step Procedure: What measurements or other method of data collection would you use? How could you form a statement about your hypothesis based on the data?