There are ten questions. Each question is worth 35points. Try not to use more than 15 sentences for an answer. 1. Define what retributive justice is. Then define whatprocedural justice is. Then explain how Plato argues that procedural justice isbetter than, and important then, retributive justice. 2. It is important to Plato to make sure that giving eachcitizen what he or she is fairly owed is built into the Ideal City’s system ofsocial justice – why does the Ideal City accomplish this aim?3. Explain four good reasons, according to Plato, why hisAristocracy form of government provides more justice than the Democracy form ofjustice. 4. Explain how Plato’s theory of the Divided Line withits four parts corresponds to the Allegory of the Cave and its four keyfeatures. 5. Define what ‘dualism’ is. Then explain how Descartesproves that he knows for certain that he is a thinking mind, better than heknows that he has a body.6. How does Descartes attempt to prove that a God must bereal?7. Explain why Kant believed that his CategoricalImperative, if used by everyone, would create a “Kingdom of Ends” where allhumanity agrees on human rights. 8. Explain (with lots of details!) whether this maxim ismorally right according to the Categorical Imperative: “I should let my friendhelp me cheat on this exam, so I can pass this class.”9. Describe how John Stuart Mill uses his standard ofUtilitarianism to uphold the idea that there is a “best” culture that advanceshuman progress the most. 10. Define ‘cultural relativism’ and ‘culturalimperialism’. Then explain how Cosmopolitanism attempts to create a compromisebetween these two extreme positions.